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Engaging thru the Basque Country

Basque country is considered as the autonomous community in the northern part of Spain. This includes Basque Provinces in Gipuzkoa, Alava, and Biscay which is also called as the Historical Territories.

The Basque Autonomous Community or Basque Country granted a status of nationality in Spain with the attribution made by the constitution of Spain in the year of 1978. This community is solely based on “Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country”, the legal foundation document that provides framework intended in the development of Basque people towards Spanish oil. Without withstanding in the spirit, this Navarre territory has been left out which in the separation of the autonomous community.

At present there is no identified capital for this community; however this city holds Basque Parliament. This is the residency of Prime Minister and headquarters of Basque Government located in Alava Province.

Geographical Features of Basque Country

The Basque Country is limited in the boundary of Burgos Province and Cantabria in the West and Biscay Bay in the northern part. Its territory has 3 distinct areas, which are defined in 2 parallel ranges of Basque Mountains. The prime range of the mountains forms that the water divide are Mediterranean and Atlantic basins. Its highest point is ranging in an Aizkorri massif, which is divided into three. It includes the:

Ebro Valley: in southern mountains until Ebro is called as the Rioja Alaves. It shares with the characteristics of Mediterranean together with the other zones of Ebro Valley. This is where Rioja wine is being produced.

Middle Section: between the 2 mountain ranges, its area is mainly occupied by the high plateau known as the Alava Plains or Llanada Alaves, where Gasteiz is located. The rivers are flowing from the southern part of mountains until Ebro River. The prime rivers are Bayas River and Zadorra River.

Atlantic Basin: this is formed thru different valleys of short rivers which flow from mountains until the Biscay Bay just like Oria, Nervion, and Urola. Its coast is rough having small inlets and high cliffs. Its main features are the “Estuary of Bilbao”, “Bidasoa – Txingudi”, Urdaibai Estuary, and the “Bilbao Abra Bay”.


The mountains in Basque country form a mark and water divide that creates climatic area in the country. The valleys found in the northern part contribute for Green Spain. This is where the oceanic climate becomes predominant having west weather in the whole year with moderate temperatures.

The middle part has greater influence in having continental climate but having a differing degree of northern oceanic. This results for warm and dry summers and even snowy and cold winters. Ebro valley gives pure continental kind of climate that creates cold winter, dry summer having a peak precipitation during autumn and spring. Precipitation in this place is irregular and scarce.

Demographical Features of Basque Country

Most of the people in this place are living in the metropolitan area of Bilbao. Out of the ten most populated cities, six of them came from the Greater Bilbao. Immigrations in this place are considered as crucial. For almost how many years, great number of people has returned in their birth places whereas the immigration in Basque country presently originates in other country, primarily in South America.


Basque and Spanish are co-official language in the entire territories of this autonomous community. The areas of this place that speaks Basque language in the present day are setting against a wider context for this kind of language. The entire territory that speaks such language is experiencing expansion and even decline of its rich history. The Basque language is experiencing gradual contraction in territory in the previous 9 centuries. There is also an evident severity of deterioration in the sociolinguistic status during the 20th century. This is because of heavy immigration coming from different parts in Spain, implementation of national policies during Spanish regimes, and virtual nonexistence of Basque language schooling.

Economic Status of Basque Country

The Basque country ranks first in terms of the per capita income in Spain. The industrial activities of this country are centered traditionally on shipbuilding and steel. This is primarily because of rich in iron ore kind of resources during 19th century in the entire area of Bilbao. The Bilbao Estuary becomes the center of industrial revolution of Basque country during the first half of 20th century. These kinds of activities declined due to the economic crisis that this country experienced during 1970s-1980s. This gives ground in the development of new technologies and services sector.

At present, the strongest and prime industrial sectors in the economy of Basque country are aeronautics found in Vitoria-Gasteiz, machine tool in Gipuzkoa and Biscay valley, and energy found in Bilbao. There are also emerging companies that contribute to the economic progress of the country; it includes the Iberdrola energy company, BBVA bank, MCC – largest cooperative in the world, CAF rolling stock, Gamesa wind turbine producer.

Governance in Basque Country

The present laws shape this autonomous country being the federation of the country’s present constituent provinces. The western districts of this place are governed thru their own institutions and laws after the conquest of Castilian during 1200. The new elected king upheld the institutional system issued in the prevalent consuetudinary law towards Pyrenean and Basque territories. The limited self-governance is similar in the Navarre that was suppressed partially during 1839 in exchange for the agreement of administrative prerogatives and number of tax-collection. Basque country controls Education and Health Systems and the country has also its own police force. The country has also TV and radio station.

The seats of Basque Government and Parliament are found in Vitoria-Gasteiz being the de facto capital city. However, the de pure part of Basque country has no identified capital. The country’s parliament has 25 representatives from every of the 3 provinces. The people of this country are electing Lehendakari – President who forms parliament procedures. Inspite of their leadership roles, they do not always enjoyed the majority of their party in order for them to form any coalitions.